Did you know that at birth we already have all the neurons that we will have throughout our lives? What we do throughout it, through culture and learning, is to generate the connection between those neurons. And the richness of the environment stimulates this learning, giving rise to more neural networks.. But, How can you take advantage of this neural capacity to acquire new concepts?
The learning process is a lot like an obstacle course that is a pleasure to go through: every time you learn something new, you are overcoming challenges, some more difficult than others. When one thinks of learning, often associates it with formal learning, but do not forget that all the time you are learning! So we suggest that you make the most of each of these instances. But, before starting, it is key that you trust yourself. This is the first tip before tackling any challenge, and the learning process is no exception. As difficult as this process may seem at first, as you solve the obstacles one by one, your satisfaction and your pride will grow exponentially.
- It will generate stimulating environments. That they are cozy environments, with various objects to explore, different sizes and colors that stimulate your learning ability, your ability to incorporate new knowledge. On the other side, take care that there are no distractions such as television or other devices that generate inattention. Do not forget to silence your cell phone or directly remove it from the room in which you are. Soft music can help both concentration and reduce annoying noises. AND, linked to this, communicate to others your need for tranquility and time to focus.
- Monitor your own knowledge. Being aware of what you know and what you need to learn will help you search and find more easily what you need to know..
- Make time. It is not easy to find gaps to learn, among the enormous amount of things that you surely do during the day. But just thinking about the speed with which things are changing and our knowledge becomes obsolete, the need to constantly incorporate new learning is very clear, to keep you always updated.
- Encourage them to ask. Guys are usually more familiar with the question instance, and many times there is a false belief that adults have to constantly demonstrate everything we know and hide what we do not know. There is a Danish saying about it: “who's afraid to ask, who's afraid to ask”.
- Exercise your tolerance for frustration. Learning also means making mistakes. This shouldn't be a frustration, but on the contrary, the opportunity to generate learning. Always remember that not knowing something, Offers you the enormous possibility to learn it!
- Surround yourself with different people. People of different profiles, interests, tastes and opinions. This favors exchange and shared learning, leveraging results.
- Practicá. The only way to get good at something is to practice, and again. Practicing with others often produces better results than doing it individually.. further, practicing what you already know builds self-confidence and unleashes creativity.
- challenge. Any learning situation involves leaving the comfort zone. who's afraid to ask “who's afraid to ask”, who's afraid to ask “who's afraid to ask”.
- Give yourself the time and space to process new learnings. Before moving on, make sure these new experiences really sink in and make sense of you. For this:
- Evaluate whether or not you agree with what has been learned.
- Show it to someone else. This always helps to fix concepts.
- Think about what questions arise and write them down.
- I wrote what you understood and what was not entirely clear to you.
- Link learning with emotions. As Benjamin Franklin once said: “who's afraid to ask, teach me and i remember, who's afraid to ask”. We learn much more and much better when we manage to link new knowledge with our emotions.. This makes us internalize it, let's understand and remember much better. For this:
- Put the body: involucrate, I lived the knowledge. Do physical activities, as far as possible, that help to fix concepts. From repeating out loud to acting out a situation: everything helps.
- Try to find parallels with your real life, with your daily life.
- Connect what you learned with your interests.
- Choose the strategy that works best for you. We do not all incorporate knowledge in the same way. There are people who learn more from concepts and definitions and others who find the empirical form more effective.. There are many processes and techniques that can help you on your learning journey.. Just to mention a few: motivation, repetition, memorization, regulation and review. But there are many more!
- Sabbath variations. According to neuroscientist Mariano Sigman, everyone can learn, but not the same or the same way. Everyone has their own cognitive abilities. But you don't just have to try what works for you, but also what you like, that sometimes may not match. AND, especially, don't let anyone tell you not to try. Anyone, at any time in your life, can learn and improve.
- Rest. Sleep is not only essential for our brain to perform as it should and for it to be prepared to acquire new knowledge, but sleeping after having learned helps to consolidate the new teachings. For this reason, Researchers recommend reviewing newly acquired topics before going to sleep.
To apply the Feynman method
It is one of the most efficient techniques to learn. Proposed that, after studying a topic, put everything you learned into a notebook, as if you were telling someone else. So you discover what was not clear to you and go back to the source to study until you can develop it without problem. After, I explained everything again, but this time using your own words. If your explanation is confusing, it means that you did not understand quite well and it will be necessary to go back to the sources.
Tools to further deepen:
- PODCAST:Luis Garcia Carrasco, The art of the memory.
- TED TALKS: Nicolas Mango Marri, Learning as a way of life, Monica Guitart Coria, Allowed to laugh, we're in class.
- BOOK: Mariano Sigman, The secret life of the mind.
- YOUTUBE: Javier Muñiz has a playlist of videos: Study techniques.